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.45/70 FORAGER CARTRIDGES AND SHOT FILLED GUARD CARTRIDGES - SCARCE INDIAN WAR ERA ISSUE CARTRIDGES:  Well known to have been issued to and used by the soldiers to augment their meager standard issue rations with small game, these cartridges, rather than being loaded with a lead bullet were loaded with hollow wooden sabot filled with small bird shot.  Very effective on game birds and small animals at close range, these cartridges were particularly popular with the troops on the frontier and a cursory inspection of cartridge pouches, saddle bags or pockets would likely have revealed a number of these forager rounds on the person of every soldier and officer in the column.   

There appears to have been at least three lengths of the wooden sabots – a short length which extended approximately 7/16” from the mouth of the case; a medium length which extended a good ˝” from the mouth of the case; and a long version which measures approximately 1” from the mouth of the case.  The short and medium lengths could have been the same sabot and the differing length of the exposed portion of the sabot being nothing more than a function of the depth it was seated or the powder charge in the case. The long sabot, however, definitely held a much larger charge of shot and there are two different shapes seen in the nose of the sabot on these longer versions – a decidedly flat nose and a rounded nose shaped more like the standard lead bullet.   

Fairly scarce today due to their continued use in surplus firearms and the relatively fragile nature of the thin wood sabot, these forager rounds have a rightful place in any US Army cartridge display.

I have the following 15 forager cartridges in stock, each listed individually below.  

 

No. 1  FRANKFORD ARSENAL EXTERNALLY PRIMED .45/70 CARBINE FORAGER CARTRIDGE - DATED APRIL 1886 - SCARCE LOADING:  An externally primed Frankford Arsenal .45/70 Carbine Forager Round in excellent condition with the short, flat nosed sabot, and headstamped “C F 4 86”.  SOLD

 

No. 2  WOODEN SABOTS FOR THE FRANKFORD ARSENAL .45/70 FORAGER ROUNDS:  These are a scarce selection of unused wooden sabots as were manufactured at the Frankford Arsenal to produce the .45/70 Forager Rounds for issue to the troops.   

Seldom encountered separate from the finished cartridges and fairly scarce today due to their continued sale on the surplus market and the relatively fragile nature of the thin wood sabot, these forager sabots have a rightful place in any US Army cartridge display.

I have the following forager cartridges in stock, each listed individually below with accompanying photographs.

No. 1:  LONG VERSION WOOD SABOT:  With a flat nose, this sabot is full length and form with no checks.  SOLD

No. 2:  SHORT VERSION WOOD SABOT:  With a flat nose, this sabot is full length and form with a minor age check, but still stable and retaining its integrity.  SOLD

No. 3:  SHORT VERSION WOOD SABOT:  With a flat nose, this sabot is full length and form with a minor age check, but still stable and retaining its integrity.  SOLD

No. 4:  SHORT VERSION WOOD SABOT:  With a round nose, this sabot is full length and form with a minor age check, but still stable and retaining its integrity.  SOLD

No. 5:  SHORT VERSION WOOD SABOT:  With a round nose, this sabot is full length and form with no checks.  SOLD

 

No. 3   UNION METALLIC CARTRIDGE COMPANY US ARMY CONTRACT EXTERNALLY PRIMED .45/70 FORAGER CARTRIDGE:  Produced after the army issued contracts with civilian ammunition manufacturing companies to meet the demand for ammunition during the Spanish American War, these UMC externally primed .45/70 Forager Rounds were as much a part of the army's inventory as were the Frankford Arsenal cartridges.  Headstamped “UMC 45 GOVT".  (0937b)  $45

 

No. 4   REMINGTON - UMC EXTERNALLY PRIMED .45/70 FORAGER CARTRIDGE:  Produced after the army began to issue contracts with civilian ammunition manufacturing companies, this Remington-UMC externally primed .45/70 Forager Round was as much a part of the army's inventory as were the Frankford Arsenal cartridges.  Headstamped “REM-UMC 45 GOVT".  (0937c)  $45

 

No. 5   WINCHESTER  EXTERNALLY PRIMED .45/70 GATLING GUN SHOT CARTRIDGE:  Produced along the same concept as the forager cartridges, but with a much more lethal intent, these shot filled Gatling Gun cartridges were deployed against massed groups, both in military and civil disturbance situations.  You can imagine the damage these cartridges could inflict upon a mass of people approaching a barricaded position defended with a battery of these rapid firing guns.  Headstamped “WRA CO. 45 GOVT".  (0824)  $45

 

No. 6    GROUPING OF EXTERNALLY PRIMED .45/70 GUARD SHOT CARTRIDGES:  Produced along the same concept as the forager cartridges, but with a much more lethal intent, these shot filled Guard cartridges were issued in situations where the guards might have to use their arms, but penetration was a serious concern such as in an armory or arsenal where quantities of explosives were present or in a penitentiary.  As shown below in the photographs, this is a selection of five cartridges of different configurations and makers that would make an interesting addition to your .45-70 Trapdoor collection.  All five cartridges are included in this offering.  (0825)  $40

 

No. 7   U. S. CARTRIDGE COMPANY US ARMY CONTRACT EXTERNALLY PRIMED .45/70 FORAGER CARTRIDGE:  Produced after the army issued contracts with civilian ammunition manufacturing companies to meet the demand for ammunition during the Spanish American War, these USC externally primed .45/70 Forager Rounds were as much a part of the army's inventory as were the Frankford Arsenal cartridges.  Loaded with the large sabot, and headstamped “USC Co. 45-70".  (0823a)  $45

 

No. 8   U. S. CARTRIDGE COMPANY US ARMY CONTRACT EXTERNALLY PRIMED .45/70 FORAGER CARTRIDGE:  Produced after the army issued contracts with civilian ammunition manufacturing companies to meet the demand for ammunition during the Spanish American War, these USC externally primed .45/70 Forager Rounds were as much a part of the army's inventory as were the Frankford Arsenal cartridges.  Loaded with the medium sabot, and headstamped “USC Co. 45-70".  (0823b)  $45

 

No. 9   WINCHESTER REPEATING ARMS COMPANY US ARMY CONTRACT EXTERNALLY PRIMED .45/70 FORAGER CARTRIDGE:  Produced after the army issued contracts with civilian ammunition manufacturing companies to meet the demand for ammunition during the Spanish American War, these WRA externally primed .45/70 Forager Rounds were as much a part of the army's inventory as were the Frankford Arsenal cartridges.  Loaded with the large sabot, and headstamped “WRA Co. 45-70".  SOLD

 

No. 10   UNION METALLIC CARTRIDGE COMPANY US ARMY CONTRACT EXTERNALLY PRIMED .45/70 FORAGER CARTRIDGE:  Produced after the army issued contracts with civilian ammunition manufacturing companies to meet the demand for ammunition during the Spanish American War, these UMC externally primed .45/70 Forager Rounds were as much a part of the army's inventory as were the Frankford Arsenal cartridges.  Loaded with the medium sabot, and headstamped “UMC 45-70" with the notation "SH" in the headstamp indicating a solid head cartridge.  (0823d)  $40

 

No. 11   WINCHESTER REPEATING ARMS COMPANY US ARMY CONTRACT EXTERNALLY PRIMED .45/70 FORAGER CARTRIDGE:  Produced after the army issued contracts with civilian ammunition manufacturing companies to meet the demand for ammunition during the Spanish American War, these WRA externally primed .45/70 Forager Rounds were as much a part of the army's inventory as were the Frankford Arsenal cartridges.  Loaded with the short sabot, and headstamped “WRA Co. 45-70".  (0823e)  $45

 

No. 12  UNION METALLIC CARTRIDGE COMPANY US ARMY CONTRACT EXTERNALLY PRIMED .45/70 FORAGER CARTRIDGE:  Produced after the army issued contracts with civilian ammunition manufacturing companies to meet the demand for ammunition during the Spanish American War, these UMC externally primed .45/70 Forager Rounds were as much a part of the army's inventory as were the Frankford Arsenal cartridges.  Loaded with the short sabot, and headstamped “UMC 45 GOVT".  (0823f)  $45

 

No. 13   UNION METALLIC CARTRIDGE COMPANY US ARMY CONTRACT EXTERNALLY PRIMED .45/70 FORAGER CARTRIDGE:  Produced after the army issued contracts with civilian ammunition manufacturing companies to meet the demand for ammunition during the Spanish American War, these UMC externally primed .45/70 Forager Rounds were as much a part of the army's inventory as were the Frankford Arsenal cartridges.  Loaded with the short sabot, and headstamped “UMC 45 GOVT".  (0823g)  $45

 

No. 14   UNION METALLIC CARTRIDGE COMPANY US ARMY CONTRACT EXTERNALLY PRIMED .45/70 FORAGER CARTRIDGE:  Produced after the army issued contracts with civilian ammunition manufacturing companies to meet the demand for ammunition during the Spanish American War, these UMC externally primed .45/70 Forager Rounds were as much a part of the army's inventory as were the Frankford Arsenal cartridges.  Loaded with the short sabot, and headstamped “UMC 45 GOVT".  (0823h)  $45

 

No. 15   REMINGTON - UMC CARTRIDGE COMPANY US ARMY CONTRACT EXTERNALLY PRIMED .45/70 FORAGER CARTRIDGE:  Produced after the army issued contracts with civilian ammunition manufacturing companies to meet the demand for ammunition during the Spanish American War, these REM-UMC externally primed .45/70 Forager Rounds were as much a part of the army's inventory as were the Frankford Arsenal cartridges.  Loaded with the short sabot, and headstamped “REM UMC 45 GOVT".  (0823h)  $40

 

 

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